25 March 2006

PMS

A friend of mine emailed this to me...the end is hillarious. I showed it to my husband, his favorite was the last part also:


The Hormone Hostage knows that there are days in the month when all a man has to do is open his mouth and he takes his very life into his
Own hands! This is a handy guide that should be as common as a driver's license in the wallet of every husband, boyfriend, or significant other!!

DANGEROUS: What's for dinner?
SAFER: Can I help you with dinner?
SAFEST: Where would you like to go for dinner?
ULTRASAFE: Here, have some chocolate.

DANGEROUS: Are you wearing that?
SAFER: Gee, you look good in brown.
SAFEST: WOW! Look at you!
ULTRASAFE: Here, have some chocolate.

DANGEROUS: What are you so worked up about?
SAFER: What did I do wrong?
SAFEST: Here's fifty dollars.
ULTRASAFE: Here, have some chocolate.


DANGEROUS: Should you be eating that?
SAFER: You know, there are a lot of apples left.
SAFEST: Can I get you a glass of wine with that?
ULTRASAFE: Here, have some chocolate.


DANGEROUS: What did you do all day?
SAFER: I hope you didn't overdo it today.
SAFEST: I've always loved you in that robe!
ULTRASAFE: Here, have some more chocolate.


12 Things PMS Stands For:


01. Pass My Shotgun
02. Psychotic Mood Shift
03. Perpetual Munching Spree
04. Puffy Midsection
05. People Make me Sick
06. Provide Me with Sweets
07. Pardon My Sobbing
08. Pimples May Surface
09. Pass My Sweatpants
10. Plainly; Men Suck
11. Pack My Stuff...... . And my favorite one...
12. Potential Murder Suspect



Pass this onto all of your hormonal friends and those who might
Need a good laugh! Or men who need a warning! And remember: Money
talks...but chocolate sings.



Another thing to giggle about... My husband, not happy with my
Mood swings, bought me a mood ring the other day so he would be able
To monitor my moods. When I'm in a good mood, it turns green. When I'm
in a bad mood, it leaves a big red mark on his forehead. Maybe next time
he'll buy me diamonds. Here have some chocolate.

23 March 2006

Impeachment Resolutions Sweep America

I am not a Democrat, nor am I a Republican. I am registered "no party". My husband is registered "Independent". In our country though, there is a horrible imbalance. I truly believe that the only reason our president has not been impeached is because the Republicans control every branch of service.

I know there are people who support Bush solely on the abortion issue and voted for him because they believe he will stop abortions. Personally, I think these people are causing more abortions than preventing them because they are not addressing the cause of why women get abortions. It is not for "birth control". I personally know a woman who had an abortion because she was divorced and lived in a small town. She had 2 daughters that went to Elementary school, and she was concerned her daughters would be austricisized over having an "illegitimate" sibling if this child was born. So in her mind, she was trying to protect her daughters from judgmental "righteous" neighbors. If abortion was illegal here, she would have simply gone to Mexico to have it done because she wanted to protect her daughters.

I have plenty of other examples, but I think you get the idea.

I sincerely believe the Bush family has been destroying our country and our freedoms, so though I do not agree totally with the Democratic party, I do agree that Bush and Cheney should be tried for their offenses against the American people.

And what really scares me is how our tax money (billions of dollars) is going for an Arab television network that is run out of Virginia. If our government is doing this in Arab countries, what makes you think our government is not controling our communications and the news we get? ABC is owned by Disney corporation. NBC is owned by Bill Gates. Executives at CBS were fired because they did a news report on how our president did not show up for National Guard duty. And now our president is going after any news reporter who reports a story on anything our president conciders objectionable, embarrassing, or classified (and our president has classified just about everything that is embarrassing to him). We are no longer the land of the free, and quite frankly, I am sick our of government using the Constitution of the United States as toilet paper.

This is what I received in my email this morning:



From California to Vermont, from Wyoming to North Carolina, from New Hampshire to New Mexico, impeachment resolutions are sweeping America!

They are popping up in Town Meetings, City Councils, and Democratic Committees. And when they pass, they make headlines locally and even nationwide.

Let's turn this local activity into a nationwide grassroots movement! We've collected everything you need to know here:
http://impeachpac.org/resolutions

To help organize impeachment efforts in your town, county, or state, join the Impeachment Working Group of Progressive Democrats of America:
http://pdamerica.org/impeach-wg.php

_____________________

Support Feingold - Censure Bush - Stop Cowering!

It's been 10 days since Senator Russ Feingold (D-WI) introduced a resolution to censure George Bush for illegally wiretapping American citizens. Just two Democrats have joined him: Tom Harkin (D-IA) and Barbara Boxer (D-CA).

Polls show Americans support Feingold's censure by 48%-43% - including 29% of Republicans. Rightwinger Bill Kristol called it a smart move and says it helps Democrats. When the Republican Party ran attack ads against him in Wisconsin, Feingold got a standing ovation.

So why are the other 41 Democrats still cowering?

Call your Senators at 202-224-3121 and deliver a simple message:
"I urge you to support Senator Feingold's bill to censure George Bush."
And for Democratic Senators, add this:
"And stop cowering in fear of Republican thugs!"

If you have time, join Jane Hamsher in visiting the local office of your Senator:
http://www.firedoglake.com/2006/03/22/git-yer-boots-on-its-recess-time/

Post the replies you get here:
http://democrats.com/senate-censure

_____________________

33 Congress Members With Courage

Congressman Bob Filner from San Diego has signed onto H Res 635. There are now 33 Congress Members supporting Congressman John Conyers' bill to create an investigation into possible grounds for impeachment. Filner's name is not yet in the official list, because Congress is out of session this week, but Congressman Conyers' staff confirms that he has agreed to co-sponsor. Learn more and ask your representative to join the list:
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/635

_____________________

NEW FLYER FROM AfterDowningStreet.org

Print this out, make copies, post it around your town and hand it out at events!


Open PDF
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/downloads/2006-3-flyer.pdf

_____________________

Boycott ExxonMobil

Consumers for Peace launched this boycott campaign, supported by After Downing Street and many others, seeking an immediate withdrawal of U.S. troops and mercenaries from Iraq and the impeachment of George W. Bush and prosecution of U.S. officials responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The campaign urges consumers to boycott of ExxonMobil products and to purchase CITGO products as an alternative.

ExxonMobil has been selected for boycott because of its apparent active involvement in U.S. policy in the Middle East in general and Iraq in particular, and its power to help change these policies. The campaign urges the boycott of products and services of nine consumer products firms connected with ExxonMobil through its board of directors. They are: Campbell's Soup; Carlson Companies (Radisson Hotels, TGI Friday's); Corning Inc. (Steuben Glass); Metlife; Novartis; Pfizer; Verizon; Wells Fargo and Wyeth.
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/9488

_____________________

UPCOMING EVENTS

A Panel Discussion with Cindy Sheehan, Ray McGovern, and Larry Everest
Speaking the Unspeakable. Is the Bush Administration Guilty of War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity?

March 23, 7 p.m.
International House at 2299 Piedmont Ave, Berkeley
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/9038

Political Musicians Anti-Flag and Congressman Jim McDermott to Discuss Depleted Uranium
March 24, 11 a.m.
Henry Fonda Theater Lobby, 6126 Hollywood Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90028
Anti-Flag, Congressman Jim McDermott (D-WA), Dr. Donald Broder, Jodie Evans, Tim Goodrich.
Launch of a Petition Campaign to Support Depleted Uranium Munitions Study
http://www.anti-flag.com/

Town Hall Meeting Examining The Cost of Iraq: Lives, Jobs, Security, Community
Sponsored by the Progressive Democrats of Ohio
March 25, 1 - 3 p.m. at the Beachland Ballroom, 15711 Waterloo Road, Cleveland, Ohio
Gold Star Mother and PDA Board Member Cindy Sheehan
Congressman Dennis Kucinich
Tim Carpenter, National Director, Progressive Democrats of America
Francis Chiappa, President, Cleveland Peace Action
Paul Schroeder, co-founder of Families of the Fallen For Change
Farhad Sethna, Immigration attorney and concerned citizen
Event emceed by actress and PDA Board Chairwoman Mimi Kennedy
An opening chant for Peace will be performed by Michael McMurray in Arameyic, Hebrew and Arabic.
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/9539

Progressive Plan for Ohio
March 26
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/downloads/ohioplan.pdf

ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT AGAINST GEORGE W. BUSH: The Evidence, and What the
Constitution Dictates

March 28, 7:30 p.m.
Amy Goodman of Democracy Now hosts a panel discussion featuring Michael Ratner, Bill Goodman, Shayana Kadidal, and Maria Lahood, attorneys from the Center for Constitutional Rights and authors of a new book, Articles of Impeachment Against George W. Bush (Melville House). At The Culture Project, 45 Bleecker Street, NYC (corner of Bleecker and Lafayette Streets) Admission is free - seating is limited - first come, first served

March to Redeem the Soul of America
April 1 – 14, 2006 in Texas: Irving – Dallas – Waco – Crawford
ConsumersforPeace.org, Crawford Peace House, Dallas Peace Center, Texas Peace Action
www.marchforredemption.org

SOUTHERN REGIONAL MARCH FOR PEACE IN IRAQ & JUSTICE AT HOME
April 1, Atlanta will host the largest anti-war march in the history of the South. The date, APRIL FIRST, links the 3rd anniversary of the war, March 20, with the 38th anniversary of Dr. King's death, April 4. Activists are organizing contingents from Birmingham, Alabama; Fayetteville, North Carolina; Memphis & Nashville, Tennessee; Tallahassee, Florida and all corners of Georgia.
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/7943

Easter in Crawford, Texas
April 10-16
Join Cindy in Crawford. Everyone's welcome!

Sign up for these events, find others, and create your own at
http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/event

See Also UFPJ:
http://unitedforpeace.org/calendar.php?caltype=39&lcountry=&state=&search=Search

And PDA:
http://pdamerica.org/events/main-list.php

21 March 2006

The way many Republicans think

Saddam was
a good guy when Reagan armed him,
a bad guy when Bush's daddy made war on him,
a good guy when Cheney did business with him, a bad guy when Bush needed a "we can't find Bin Laden" diversion.

Trade with Cuba is wrong because the country is communist,
but trade with China and Vietnam is vital to a spirit of international harmony.

A woman can't be trusted with decisions about her own body,
but multinational corporations can make decisions affecting all mankind without regulation.

Jesus loves you and shares your hatred of homosexuals and Hillary Clinton.

The best way to improve military morale is to praise the troops in speeches
while slashing veterans' benefits and combat pay.

If condoms are kept out of schools, adolescents won't have sex.

Providing health care to all Iraqis is sound policy.
Providing health care to all Americans is socialism.

HMO's and insurance companies have the best interests of the public at heart.

Global warming and tobacco's link to cancer are junk science
but creationism should be taught in schools.

A president lying about an extramarital affair is an impeachable offense.
A president lying to enlist support for a war in which thousands die is solid defense policy.

Government should limit itself to the powers named in the Constitution,
which include banning gay marriages and censoring the Internet.

The public has a right to know about Hillary's cattle trades,
but George Bush's cocaine conviction is none of our business.

Being a drug addict is a moral failing and a crime, unless you're a conservative radio host.
Then it's an illness and you need our prayers for your recovery.

What Bill Clinton did in the 1960's is of vital national interest,
but what Bush did in the '80's is irrelevant.

16 March 2006

Poem

Here is a beautiful poem I read today that reminds me...things could be worse:



People walk by me without looking,
thinking my mind is gone.
True my brain is shutting down,
can't talk right,
forgetful at times,
memory short
sometimes gone.

I am like a child
or even an infant
or so it is now.

No so long ago
I was just like you,
walking by those like me now
thinking that their is nothing there,
only remains of what was once human,
intelligent,
a being capable of thought.

I am still me
I am inside
my mind works my brain doesn't

I want to speak but can't,
I sometimes know what I want
but I can't get it out,
I babble,
it hurts when others think I am no more,
when I am inside
looking out.

My brain is a prison of my mind
my soul is alive
wanting to be free

Soon I will be released
free to fly away and be free
to be
to love
and communicate
with those around me
and with God.

Don't be like me
passing by
those trapped within.

14 March 2006

Treating Migraines Without Painkillers

A very dear friend of ours emailed me the link to the story about treating migraines without painkillers. Friday, I had to go off the Topamax and Cymbalta because I am having allergy testing done tomorrow and it will interfere with the allergy test.

When I called to tell Dr. Soso's office, the kind lady at the other end of the phone told me to hold on because she had to see if I needed to be weaned off the meds. This had me concerned because John and I still want to have children. I had no idea before that I would have to be weaned off the meds. And while on the meds, I have much more fatigue, sleepiness, dizziness, loss of strength, loss of energy.

And when I talked to my car insurance, there is only about $1000 left to use on my medical expenses from getting rear ended at the stop light from 30 June 2005. The insurance lady told me that after that, everything will have to go onto my health insurance, which definitely does not seem fair considering that we have had to spend a lot of money and pain for obeying the law when the guy in the work van who did not want to stop for the red light gets off without a scratch.

According to the MRIs that Dr. Bailes gave me the readout from that Dr. Berns wrote up:

"There is diffuse cervical spondylosis present"..."At C3-C4 there is bulging and left paramedian protrusion of the disc, which thins the subarachnoid space but does not deform the cord or neural foramen. At C4-C5, there is broad-base bulging of the disc and some central protrusion without cord compression. The neural foramen show some mild bilateral stenosis."..."At C6-C7, there is bulging disc thinning the subarachnoid space without deforming the cord or neural foramen."

And according to the Emergency Department of Westmoreland Hospital on 30 June 2006:

"You have been diagnosed with a minor head injury" & "You have been diagnosed with a cervical (neck) strain."

It also says I should return to the emergency department immediately if any of the following occur (which they have and I have told doctors about, but they just get dismissed, so I have no idea what to do). Symptoms I have:
  • numbness (loss of sensation or tingling in your arms or legs (this is not an all the time thing, and I was told it could be a symptom of the Cymbalta or Topamax so not to worry about it)
  • Weakness in arms or leg (again, could be a side affect of Cymbalta or Topamax)
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control (this is the worst. It is so bad that I have to wear a pad every day and I am afraid to go walking because I fear not getting to a bathroom in time, and having a BM without being close to a bathroom is horrible)
  • Severe or increasing pain (I especially feel it in my neck and the base of my scull)
  • Fever, neck pain, change of behavior (the change of behavior can be from the meds)
  • vomiting, difficulty walking, changes in vision (these can all be affects from the meds also)

Here is the news story my friend emailed me:


Treating Migraines Without Painkillers
Biofeedback, Even Heart Surgery, Is Considered a Migraine Treatment
By SARVENAZ ZAND, M.D.
March 6, 2006 — - For many people, a nagging migraine means turning to an over-the-counter pain pill like acetaminophen, or, in some cases, a prescription medication like Imitrex.

But recent advances in nondrug treatments, such as biofeedback and neurofeedback, have opened more options for headache suffers. And something as seemingly unrelated as heart surgery may hold the solution for some people.

Here's a look at some nondrug alternatives to headaches.


Biofeedback: Changing Your Physiology
Biofeedback is a safe, drug-free alternative for the treatment of migraines, tension type headaches, chronic pain, sleep disorders and more. Receiving feedback from a computer, patients are trained to adjust physical features like skin temperature, muscle tension, heart rate or blood flow -- changes that can lead to decreased pain and stress.

"Biofeedback reduces the stress response and brings stability and calmness to the nervous system," said Dr. David Biondi, a neurologist and consultant in headache management at Massachusetts General Hospital. "I think it's very effective for migraines. Studies have shown that biofeedback can be just as effective as some of the preventive medications we use."

How well does it work? According to Dr. Barry Schwartz, director of the Headache Center in New Orleans, about 85 percent to 90 percent of patients with chronic headaches respond positively to biofeedback.

"Biofeedback also serves as an excellent bridge in assisting patients wean off medications," he said.

It's a method that worked for migraine patient Elizabeth Poe of New Orleans. She said she had suffered from about two migraines a week for the last 30 years. Her remedy used to be 12 tablets of ibuprofen a day, with the occasional prescription painkiller.

"After I started biofeedback, almost immediately I stopped having the headaches. Now I haven't had a headache in three years," she said. "Biofeedback got me off all the pills I was taking and taught me techniques that can help me relax and avoid headaches. I feel 1,000 percent better. "


Got a Headache? Play a Video Game.
People with migraines may also benefit from neurofeedback. Neurofeedback is similar to biofeedback, but rather than sensing skin temperature or muscle tension, it measures brain waves. Patients undergoing the treatment look like they're playing an ordinary video game, but they're not using their hands.

Instead, patients are instructed to make the computer game "go" with their brains. Painless and noninvasive electronic sensors are placed on the earlobes and scalp. As desirable brain-wave patterns increase, the video game sends Pacmanlike characters across the screen, or some other reward is given.

Undesirable brain waves cause the video game to slow down or stop. Gradually, the brain "learns" the new healthy brain wave patterns to treat the underlying condition.

Neurofeedback may take 20 to 40 sessions that run about 45 minutes each to achieve benefits, which proponents say are permanent.

Which to choose? "Neurofeedback is as effective as biofeedback for treating headaches. Patients like both equally well," Schwartz said.

But skeptics say there may be no advantage to neurofeedback over biofeedback.

"We use both the skin temperature and muscle relaxation training with good results, and feel that there is no real gain from adding neurofeedback," said Dr. Seymour Diamond, director of the Diamond Headache Clinic in Chicago.

Since popping a pill is so easy, why would patients make the effort to undergo biofeedback or neurofeedback instead?

Patient Elizabeth Poe said the benefits made it worth continuing.

"It was very motivating when I saw progress. Biofeedback has really changed my life. I don't even carry pain medication around anymore."


Heart Surgery for Migraines?
Twenty percent of the general population has a small hole between the two chambers of their heart, known as a patent foramen ovale, or PFO. The defect can increase the risk of stroke, but it usually goes unnoticed and untreated. But it's getting a second look after scientists recently discovered that patients with migraines were three times more likely to have an unrecognized PFO.

Does this mean that cardiac surgery to repair the hole could be a new treatment for migraines? Next week, researchers in England will reveal results of a large-scale study comparing migraine sufferers who undergo PFO closure with those who don't.

"It's not a curative treatment, but it can take away one potential trigger for migraine with aura,"said Biondi.

But Dr. Dawn Marcus, a neurologist at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, is skeptical. While many patients have noted relief of migraine headaches after surgical closure of their PFO, she said "there are studies that show people who developed migraines or had their migraines worsen postoperatively."

What about the risks of PFO closure for the treatment of migraines?

"The way cardiologists are currently able to do reparative surgery is much better and safer than it was a few years ago," Marcus said. Previous techniques required surgically opening the rib cage, but cardiologists can now dam PFOs with an umbrellalike device that they thread up a vein from the groin to the heart.

To make a decision about how to treat migraines, Schwartz believes that patients should be told about alternative treatments for headaches -- treatments other than medications.

"People should be afforded the opportunity to make an informed decision."


Copyright © 2006 ABC News Internet Ventures

06 March 2006

Our forefathers must be rolling over in their graves



After all, they fought against King George and having a monarchy, and now it seems our president has declared himself a dictator. This is very scary times for our country.

Yesterday, I finished doing taxes, and I noticed a lot of changes, like airplanes and boats as being tax deductible. And Whaling is also tax deductible up to $10,000.00, yet, medical expense if they are more than 2% of your gross, and then only a small percentage is allowed to be deducted. There is something really wrong with that.

And then on the news last night I hear that the president is going after reporters who report against the government. What ever happened to the 1st amendment?

When did we become the Soviet Union?

And now, who will make our government accountable? I am so scared for our country. We desperately need help.

Here is the news according to msn (NBC) at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11676209/:
White House trains efforts on media leaks
By Dan Eggen
The Washington Post
Updated: 11:36 p.m. ET March 4, 2006

The Bush administration, seeking to limit leaks of classified information, has launched initiatives targeting journalists and their possible government sources. The efforts include several FBI probes, a polygraph investigation inside the CIA and a warning from the Justice Department that reporters could be prosecuted under espionage laws.

In recent weeks, dozens of employees at the CIA, the National Security Agency and other intelligence agencies have been interviewed by agents from the FBI's Washington field office, who are investigating possible leaks that led to reports about secret CIA prisons and the NSA's warrantless domestic surveillance program, according to law enforcement and intelligence officials familiar with the two cases.

Numerous employees at the CIA, FBI, Justice Department and other agencies also have received letters from Justice prohibiting them from discussing even unclassified issues related to the NSA program, according to sources familiar with the notices. Some GOP lawmakers are also considering whether to approve tougher penalties for leaking.

In a little-noticed case in California, FBI agents from Los Angeles have already contacted reporters at the Sacramento Bee about stories published in July that were based on sealed court documents related to a terrorism case in Lodi, according to the newspaper.

Some media watchers, lawyers and editors say that, taken together, the incidents represent perhaps the most extensive and overt campaign against leaks in a generation, and that they have worsened the already-tense relationship between mainstream news organizations and the White House.

"There's a tone of gleeful relish in the way they talk about dragging reporters before grand juries, their appetite for withholding information, and the hints that reporters who look too hard into the public's business risk being branded traitors," said New York Times Executive Editor Bill Keller, in a statement responding to questions from The Washington Post. "I don't know how far action will follow rhetoric, but some days it sounds like the administration is declaring war at home on the values it professes to be promoting abroad."

Tantamount to treason?
President Bush has called the NSA leak "a shameful act" that was "helping the enemy," and said in December that he was hopeful the Justice Department would conduct a full investigation into the disclosure.

"We need to protect the right to free speech and the First Amendment, and the president is doing that," said White House spokesman Trent Duffy. "But, at the same time, we do need to protect classified information which helps fight the war on terror."

Disclosing classified information without authorization has long been against the law, yet such leaks are one of the realities of life in Washington -- accounting for much of the back-channel conversation that goes on daily among journalists, policy intellectuals, and current and former government officials.

Presidents have also long complained about leaks: Richard Nixon's infamous "plumbers" were originally set up to plug them, and he tried, but failed, to prevent publication of a classified history of the Vietnam War called the Pentagon Papers. Ronald Reagan exclaimed at one point that he was "up to my keister" in leaks.

Bush administration officials -- who complain that reports about detainee abuse, clandestine surveillance and other topics have endangered the nation during a time of war -- have arguably taken a more aggressive approach than other recent administrations, including a clear willingness to take on journalists more directly if necessary.

"Almost every administration has kind of come in saying they want an open administration, and then getting bad press and fuming about leaks," said David Greenberg, a Rutgers University journalism professor and author of "Nixon's Shadow." "But it's a pretty fair statement to say you haven't seen this kind of crackdown on leaks since the Nixon administration."

Era of Russian roulette
But David B. Rivkin Jr., a partner at Baker & Hostetler in Washington and a senior lawyer in the Reagan and George H.W. Bush administrations, said the leaking is "out of control," especially given the unique threat posed by terrorist groups.

"We're at the end of this paradigm where we had this sort of gentlemen's agreement where you had leaks and journalists were allowed to protect the leakers," Rivkin said. "Everyone is playing Russian roulette now."

At Langley, the CIA's security office has been conducting numerous interviews and polygraph examinations of employees in an effort to discover whether any of them have had unauthorized contact with journalists. CIA Director Porter J. Goss has spoken about the issue at an "all hands" meeting of employees, and sent a recent cable to the field aimed at discouraging media contacts and reminding employees of the penalties for disclosing classified information, according to intelligence sources and people in touch with agency officials.

"It is my aim, and it is my hope, that we will witness a grand jury investigation with reporters present being asked to reveal who is leaking this information," Goss told a Senate committee.

Criminal threat to journalists
The Justice Department also argued in a court filing last month that reporters can be prosecuted under the 1917 Espionage Act for receiving and publishing classified information. The brief was filed in support of a case against two pro-Israeli lobbyists, who are the first nongovernment officials to be prosecuted for receiving and distributing classified information.

Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kan.), chairman of the Senate intelligence committee, said last month that he is considering legislation that would criminalize the leaking of a wider range of classified information than what is now covered by law. The measure would be similar to earlier legislation that was vetoed by President Bill Clinton in 2000 and opposed by then-Attorney General John D. Ashcroft in 2002.

But the vice chairman of the same committee, Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV (D-W.Va.), complained in a letter to the national intelligence director last month that "damaging revelations of intelligence sources and methods are generated primarily by Executive Branch officials pushing a particular policy, and not by the rank-and-file employees of the intelligence agencies."

As evidence, Rockefeller points to the case of Valerie Plame, a CIA officer whose identity was leaked to the media. A grand jury investigation by Special Counsel Patrick J. Fitzgerald resulted last year in the jailing of Judith Miller, then a reporter at the New York Times, for refusing to testify, and in criminal charges against I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, who resigned as Vice President Cheney's chief of staff. In court papers, Libby has said that his "superiors" authorized him to disclose a classified government report.

The New York Times, which first disclosed the NSA program in December, and The Post, which reported on secret CIA prisons in November, said investigators have not contacted reporters or editors about those articles.

 Natural and healthy tension
Leonard Downie Jr., executive editor of The Post, said there has long been a "natural and healthy tension between government and the media" on national security issues, but that he is "concerned" about comments by Goss and others that appear to reflect a more aggressive stance by the government. Downie noted that The Post had at times honored government requests not to report particularly sensitive information, such as the location of CIA prisons in Eastern Europe.

"We do not want to inadvertently threaten human life or legitimately harm national security in our reporting," he said. "But it's important . . . in our constitutional system that these final decisions be made by newspaper editors and not the government."

In Sacramento, the Bee newspaper reported last month that FBI agents had contacted two of its reporters and, along with a federal prosecutor, had "questioned" a third reporter about articles last July detailing the contents of sealed court documents about five terrorism suspects. A Bee article on the contacts did not address whether the reporters supplied the agents with any information or whether they were subject to subpoenas.

Executive Editor Rick Rodriguez said this week he could not comment based on the advice of newspaper attorneys. Representatives of the FBI and the U.S. attorney's office in Los Angeles, which is conducting the inquiry, also declined to comment.

Prosecutions under World War I law
CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Millerwise Dyck declined to discuss details of the leak investigations there but said they were being conducted independently of the White House and were not aimed at pressuring journalists.

In prosecuting a former Defense Department analyst and two pro-Israel lobbyists for allegedly spreading sensitive national security information about U.S. policy in the Middle East, the Bush administration is making use of a statute whose origins lie in the first anxious days of World War I.

The Espionage Act makes it a crime for a government official with access to "national defense information" to communicate it intentionally to any unauthorized person. A 1950 amendment aimed at Soviet spying broadened the law, forbidding an unauthorized recipient of the information to pass it on, or even to keep it to himself.

Lawyers for American Israel Public Affairs Committee staff members Steven J. Rosen and Keith Weissman say the vagueness of the statute makes the Justice Department's prosecution of their clients unconstitutional. One count of the indictment specifically charges them with passing "classified national defense information" to a member of the media in 2004.

The Justice Department said "there plainly is no exemption" for the media under the Espionage Act, but added, "a prosecution under the espionage laws of an actual member of the press for publishing classified information leaked to it by a government source would raise legitimate and serious issues and would not be undertaken lightly, indeed, the fact that there has never been such a prosecution speaks for itself."

Staff writer Charles Lane and researcher Julie Tate contributed to this report from the Washington Post Company.